強調結構的陳述式為“It is (was) + 被強調部分 + that (who)…”。
It was in the office that he was killed. 他是辦公室被殺害的。
(強調in the office)
It is the children who broke the window. 是孩子們打破窗戶的。
It was to you and not anyone else that I lent the money. 我只借錢給你，不借給其他人。
(強調to you and not anyone)
It is only when you have your own children that you realize the troubles of parenthood. 當你有了自己的孩子，才能真切地了解到雙親的辛苦。
(強調only when you have your own children)
一般疑問句的強調結構就是將be提到句首，即使用“Is / Was it+ 被強調部分 + that / who…”。
Is it Tommy who answered the telephone? 是湯米接的電話嗎?
Is it from advertising that a newspaper earns a lot of its profits? 報紙獲利最多的部分是在于廣告收入嗎?
特殊疑問句的強調結構句型為“疑問詞(Who / What / When / Where / Why / How)+is / was it that…”這樣的形式。
When was it that he got married? 他是什么時候結婚的?
How long ago is it that you last saw her? 你上一次看見她是多久以前的事?
Who was it that won the World Cup in 1982? 誰贏得了1982年的世界杯?
Why is it that I always land up cleaning the bath? 為什么總是該我來洗刷浴缸?
In which play of Shakespeare’s is it that Viola appears? 維歐拉是在莎士比亞那個劇里出現的嗎?
1. Study Alone
Unless you've got a couple of friends who are super-serious about getting down to business, stay away from group study sessions because they tend to get off-topic pretty quickly. Save the social time till after you've handed in your test.
2. Create Your Perfect Study Area
The place where you study should be quiet, comfortable and free from distractions. Go to your room, close the door and kill as many distractions as possible - like music, television, and even the internet and your phone. If you don't have your own room that you can sneak away to, consider studying at the library instead.
3. Get it All Out
Your study materials, that is. Before you dig in, make sure you have all your books, notes, study guides and writing utensils in front of you. Don't give yourself another excuse to get up and rummage around.
4. Turn Your Notes into Flash Cards
Now that you've got all your notes in front of you, open up a pack of index cards. As you read through the important facts, rewrite them in Q&A form on the cards. For instance: to study historical facts, write the historical fact on one side of the card and the key details on the other side. To study geometry formulas, right the name of the formula on one side and the formula itself on the other side.
5. Snack Healthy While You Study
If you want to stay sharp while you study, stay away from junk food. Instead, snack on studying-friendly foods like dark leafy greens, whole grains, peanut butter, milk and seafood. Feeling sluggish? Caffeine or energy drinks won't help you in the long run. Get your energy boost instead by eating a banana or an apple.
6. Narrow it Down
If you try to study every single thing your teacher's ever said, you'll go crazy. Instead, focus on the most important topics. If you're not sure what those are, read the study guide (if there is one), or ask your classmates. Once you've nailed down the important stuff, if there's still time left before the test, you can move onto the finer details.
7. Take a Break
Your brain can only take so much hard work at one time. For every hour that you study, take about 15 minutes to do something mindless, like taking a walk, listening to music or playing a computer game. (You can even take a 15-minute nap, if you're confident you can wake yourself up at the end of it.) It'll keep your stress level down and give your brain a chance to let all that information sinks in.
8. Put Yourself to the Test
Once you've got your set of flash cards, test yourself with them. If you don't trust yourself not to cheat, give the cards to your parents and have them test you. Don't stop till you've made it through the whole stack without any mistakes. And be sure to bring your flash cards to school with you on the day of the test: you'll be amazed at how much more you can retain if you run through the cards right before your teacher hands out the test packet.
9. Get Some Sleep
You might be tempted to pull an all-nighter, but if you do, you'll only be hurting your chances of getting an A. Get a full 8 hours of sleep so your brain is in good shape on test day.
10. Study All Semester Long
It's tempting to hold off on studying till the last minute, especially if you tell yourself that anything you try to memorize earlier on won't really stay in your brain. That's not true. Take some time throughout the semester to review all of your notes and re-read important passages in your text book. It might seem tedious, but it'll really keep all those facts in your brain on test day.